In many countries, surrogacy contracts are considered unenforceable under existing adoption laws designed to prevent the “sale of babies”. Such laws may, for example, prohibit any consent to adoption given before the birth of the child. You can also make it illegal for a biological mother to get a payment for permission to give a child, or for an intermediary or broker to get an adoption tax. In states that have these laws, a surrogate mother who wishes to keep the child instead of having the child adopted can successfully challenge an already established surrogacy contract. The citizenship and legal status of children resulting from surrogacy agreements can be problematic. In the 2014 Study of the Permanent Bureau of 2014, the Permanent Bureau of the Hague Conference identified the issue of citizenship of these children as an “urgent issue” (Permanent Bureau of the Hague Conference, 2014a: 84-94).   == individual credentials == Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs, for a child born abroad to be a U.S. citizen, one or both of the child`s genetic parents must be a U.S. citizen. In other words, the only way for a foreign-born surrogate child to automatically acquire U.S. citizenship at birth is if it is the biological son or daughter of a U.S. citizen.
In addition, in some countries, the child is not a citizen of the country where he or she was born, as the surrogate mother is not legally the parent of that child. This could lead to the birth of a child without citizenship.  Surrogacy conventions have a large number of legal issues that accompany them and are not permitted or recognized by law in all states. Where it is legal, it is important to define the rights and duties of ancestry as quickly as possible, in order to avoid legal controversies and bring a certain degree of stability to children. For example, a pre-conception contract, where a woman agrees to serve as a surrogate mother for a married couple for a fee, has been found by a court to be a breach of public policy and unenforceable. However, the court granted custody to the biological father after applying the “Best Interests of the Child” test. The biological mother, who was the surrogate mother, was granted visitation rights. Local law should be consulted for applicability in your area. Courts allowing surrogacy sometimes offer the possibility for the intended mother, especially if she is also the genetic mother, to be recognized as a legal mother without going through the process of abandonment and adoption.
This is often a birth order in which a court decides on the legal filiation of a child. As a rule, these injunctions require the agreement of all parties involved, sometimes including even the husband of a married surrogate mother. Most jurisdictions only provide for an order after birth, often due to a lack of willingness to force the surrogate mother to waive parental rights if she changes her mind after the birth. . . .